What Is Scrum? Everything You Need to Know

Scrum is an agile framework that emphasises the creation and delivery of products iteratively. It’s a well-liked Agile development framework that enables teams to deploy products more quickly to the market and adapt to shifting consumer needs.

Cross-functional teams that self-organize and iterative cycles are hallmarks of Scrum.

Advantages of Scrum:

The Scrum framework is well-known for its capacity to establish an adaptable process that equips teams to deliver products successfully in a changing environment. Following is a list of some of Scrum’s primary advantages.

  1. Flexibility – Scrum is an iterative process with the aim of releasing a potentially shippable product at the conclusion of each cycle (sprint). This creates a feedback loop where teams can gather new consumer requirements or adjust to changes.
  2. Accelerated Delivery – When compared to conventional project management, Scrum considerably shortens the time to market. Most cycles (sprints) last between 2-4 weeks, and teams must deliver something usable during that time.
  3. Increased ROI – Scrum blends frequent market delivery with the principle of releasing a product’s most valuable features first. As a result, businesses can start making money off a specific solution even before it is fully built. A competitive edge and higher ROI are the outcomes of this.
  4. Meeting Customer Expectations – Working in sprints and aiming to produce often working products are two characteristics that define Scrum teams. Customers can check them out early on and provide feedback as a consequence. This helps create items of a higher caliber that live up to expectations.
  5. Lower Costs – Building on the previous point, Scrum also enables teams to deal with risks or faults in a timely manner because it provides constant feedback.

What Are the Principles of Scrum?

You must become familiar with the Scrum method’ six guiding principles in order to successfully adopt it.

1. Empirical Process Control – This refers to decision-making that is based on observations as opposed to advanced preparation. In other words, empirical approaches are used when the unknown rules and there isn’t a clearly defined course to take. Transparency, inspection, and adaptability are three components that empirical process control depends on.

  1. Self-Organization – Instead of micromanaging, Scrum encourages self-organization. This approach is based on the notion that teams have the finest insight into how to carry out the real job because they are most familiar with the specifics of a project. Additionally, self-organization fosters a sense of community among projects, which boosts team motivation.
  2. Collaboration – This concept relates to the idea of ongoing team communication for the best value. It promotes an atmosphere of open communication where everyone is welcome to voice their opinions and cooperate to realise a common goal.
  3. Value-Based Prioritization – Work should be prioritised based on actual company value in order to completely satisfy consumers. This notion is predicated on the idea that a product’s most valuable features ought to be made available as soon as possible.
  4. Time-Boxing – Scrum teams set time limits because it is one of the most significant project limitations. This is accomplished by establishing set time limits for various project activities. They take the shape of sprints and last for a specific period of time (usually 2-4 weeks).
  5. Iterative Development – This technique highlights the necessity of iterations when creating goods whose specifications can change as the production cycle does (ex. software solutions). The goal is to continually seek client feedback and utilise it to adjust to the requirements because new information may surface during the development process.

What Are the Roles In Scrum?

There are three officially defined Scrum roles in a team.

  • Scrum Master
  • Product Owner
  • Developers

Let’s discuss the Scrum roles and responsibilities in more detail.

Scrum Master

By teaching the team or other organisational units the best Scrum techniques, the Scrum Master is in charge of building an efficient work process. This person oversees the team’s development work as a servant leader, ensuring that everything goes as planned. This entails removing roadblocks to the team’s advancement and sporadically taking up administrative tasks.

Additionally, scrum masters make sure that the team is aware of the project’s or product’s goal and that everyone is familiar with the meaning of “Done” in the process. They also serve as meeting facilitators.

Product owners can clarify client needs and communicate them to developers with the help of scrum masters.

Product Owner

In a Scrum team, the Product Owner is in charge of the product backlog. They act as the link between the work being done on the product and the development process by gathering client needs to build PBIs (Product Backlog Items). User story and epic authoring, as well as prioritizing them based on business value, are mostly the responsibility of product owners.

Based on user feedback, product owners should develop a product goal. Additionally, they collaborate with the developers to define acceptable standards for work items.


The group of experts who actually carry out the work on a project is called the development team. Small development teams (less than 10) that are cross-functional and self-organizing are the main focus of Scrum.

The goal is to make sure team members can organize their own work activities and don’t have a “this is not my job” mentality. As a result, the team becomes more engaged in the project, collaboration increases, and the delivery time is accelerated.

What Are the Scrum Artifacts?

Scrum artifacts serve as a representation of the project work that must be completed to provide value to the client. They are made to keep everyone in the loop by displaying important information regarding work operations.

The following is a list of the important Scrum artifacts.

  • Sprint Backlog 
  • Increment 
  • Product Backlog

What Is the Difference Between Scrum and Agile?

People frequently confuse Agile project management with Scrum while attempting to comprehend what it is without realizing the subtle differences between the two. Agile is a mode of thinking that doesn’t have just one right answer. It tries to help firms better react to market changes by embracing uncertainty in risky projects. The Agile attitude, on the other hand, may be used in many different ways, one of which is Scrum.

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